Diabetes type 2 symptoms: Polyuria could be a sign of high blood sugar levels

Diabetes type 2: Dr Zoe Williams discusses high blood sugar risks

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Excess urination is one of the body’s techniques to lower blood sugar levels – how do you know if you’re affected? How many toilet trips is considered normal in 24 hours? Urinating about six to eight times in 24 hours is considered “normal” by the Cleveland Clinic. Any more than that could mean you’re drinking too many fluids, consuming too much caffeine, or you have type 2 diabetes.

Waking up during the night to go to the loo is fairly common in people over the age of 60.

However, doing so more than twice during the same night is a cause for concern.

The global diabetes community recognise that frequent urination (polyuria) is one of three main signs of high blood sugar.

Another classic sign of type 2 diabetes is the feeling of increased thirst (polydipsia).

This type of thirst is unquenchable, meaning you could be drinking more than two litres daily, but you still feel thirsty.

The third sign of the condition is polyphagia, which is an increase in appetite.

Bear in mind that “symptoms of diabetes may appear gradually, sometimes over a period of years”.

Moreover, the symptoms might be “more noticeable on some days and less noticeable on other days”.

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This is why it can take so long for a person to get the diagnosis they need.

If you fear that you have any warning signs of diabetes, do book an appointment with your GP.

Your doctor will be able to order a blood test for you that specifically picks up on high blood sugar.

The NHS noted other signs of high blood sugars, which include:

  • Feeing very tired
  • Losing weight without trying to
  • Genital itching
  • Long-healing cuts or wounds
  • Blurred vision

People more at risk of developing high blood sugar include those over the age of 40, those who are overweight, and those who have a relative with the condition.

The life-long condition can enter into remission – a period where symptoms aren’t present.

However, this is usually achieved by a healthier diet, taking medication, and having regular check-ups with your GP.

In regards to diet, the NHS advise to limit the consumption of fat, salt, and sugar.

If you’d like support with changing your diet, see if the cost of a dietician can be covered by the NHS.

This is a conversation that will need to happen with your GP or nurse either over the phone, virtually, or in person.

One key way to bring down blood sugar levels naturally is to exercise more.

Everyone should aim for 180 minutes of activity every week – whether you have diabetes or not.

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