UK pubs have thrown away 70million pints of spoilt beer during coronavirus crisis – The Sun

UK pubs have thrown away 70million pints of spoilt beer during the coronavirus crisis.

Experts say the duty on out-of-date beer — unsold because of the lockdown — can be claimed back by pubs.

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But the waste has cost millions.

The figure is based on the nation’s 47,000 pubs having an average ten beer taps each.

Some unsaleable beer has been donated to farmers to use to create organic fertiliser or animal feed, with brewers keen not to waste their product.

But many pubs have struggled to dispose of so many pints during the closure period.

Pubs have shared videos showing gallons being poured away, to highlight the problem.

Emma McClarkin, of the British Beer and Pub Association, said: "We believe that pubs should only open when safe to do so, but without additional support now, many pubs and brewers will struggle to survive."

She added: "It's a great shame so much great British beer that should have been enjoyed in community pubs up and down the country has gone to waste.

"People won't have a chance to drink it because it will go off before pubs can reopen."

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Kailyn Lowry Threatens to Have More Kids: Hey, You Never Know!

Kailyn Lowry may not be done, folks.

Yes, she has three kids.

Yes, she’s pregnant with a fourth and taking a lot of flak for it and now unfortunately has a reason to be afraid for the upcoming birth.

But the veteran Teen Mom 2 cast member remains undeterred.

During a recent Instagram Live session, Lowry — who has admitted to this being perhaps her “toughest pregnancy” to date — was asked the following by a supporter:

“Do you plan on having more or are you done?”

Replied Kailyn: “I’m not getting my tubes tied or anything. So we’ll see.”

The key word in that above-posed question, of course, is plan.

Lowry is expecting her second child this summer with Chris Lopez, a man against whom she has an order of protection.

She had that same order against Lopez at the time she had unprotected sexual intercourse with him a few months ago, making it evident that she isn’t exactly a planner when it comes to getting pregnant.

That’s not a statement of judgment. It’s just a fact.

Lowry has often said in the past that she’d love to have a daughter, considering she’s now the mom to three boys — and she’s growing another boy in her womb as we type.

In March, she even revealed the topic of gender selection for future pregnancies came up during a doctor’s appointment.

It seems she’s legitimately interested in learning more about the procedure.

All of this, of course, is a stark contrast to Lowry’s view on having future kids back when she was married to Javi Marroquin.

Way back in those days, Kailyn did often say that she wasn’t interested in expanding her family beyond the son she had with Javi and the son she also shared with ex-boyfriend Jo Rivera.

People are allowed to change their minds, but Lowry has garnered some harsh backlash for going on to get knocked up twice since then by Lopez.

“This s–t irritates me,” one of her Instagram followers wrote this past March. “You told your husband you didn’t want [any] more kids and now look at you, popping them out left and right.”

The soon-to-be mother of four proceeded to explain how she arrived at a new realization after reflecting on a previous relationship.

“My husband at the time blamed me for a miscarriage among other issues we had,” Lowry fired back in response. “Imagine someone changing their mind.”

In the Comment section of her this same March post, another critic blasted the MTV personality, alleging that Lowry is setting a bad example for young women.

“So you have four kids with all different dads. I’m sure other teen moms watching want to be just like you,” the social media user wrote.

Lowry wasn’t about to sit back and just quietly accept such a public trashing.

“I don’t have four kids with all different dads,” the Pothead Haircare founder responded, setting the record straight and referring to Lopez, just not by name:

“Two of my children have the same father. And you know what? I was married to one! And it didn’t work out. LIFE HAPPENS.”

This is true.

It’s just that the same father with whom Lopez shares these two children appears to be a pretty awful guy, according to Lowry herself.

There is no hope of co-parenting between the parties, as Kailyn doesn’t anticipate Lopez being involved in this baby’s life at all.

“Right now, things are difficult, but I hope he does the things he needs to do in order to make that happen,” Lowry told In Touch Weekly in March, taking the high road at the time and concluding:

“My hope for Chris is that he makes peace with his choices and finds motivation to be successful in life.”

Kailyn Lowry: Forget Chris Lopez, I Got a New Man!Start Gallery

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Working moms have it best, worst in these states, study finds

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Being a working mom is tough, but where you live could make a difference, according to one report.

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WalletHub published a report Wednesday that found the best and worst states for working moms.

The personal finance website analyzed all 50 states, plus Washington, D.C., based on 17 measurements within three categories: child care, professional opportunities and work-life balance.

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Aside from the overall ranking, WalletHub also found how states ranked within those specific measurements.

For example, Mississippi was the state with the lowest child care costs as a percentage of median women’s income, while Nebraska had the highest.

New York ranked in first place as the state with the best day care system while Idaho ranked last.

WalletHub also found that Washington, D.C., had the highest female executive-to-male executive ratio and Utah had the lowest.

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To see how states ranked in the overall results, here are the best and worst states — including Washington, D.C. — for working moms, according to WalletHub.

Worst states for working moms

42. Georgia

43. Nevada

44. New Mexico

45. Oklahoma

46. Idaho

47. West Virginia

48. South Carolina

49. Alabama

50. Mississippi

51. Louisiana

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On Wednesday, WalletHub published a report that found which states are the best and worst for working moms. (iStock)

Best states for working moms

10. Wisconsin

9. New Hampshire

8. Maine

7. Rhode Island

6. New Jersey

5. Washington, D.C.

4. Connecticut

3. Vermont

2. Minnesota

1. Massachusetts

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'Never Have I Ever,' Netflix’s New Teen Sitcom, Might Come Back for Season 2

This article contains spoilers from the first season of Never Have I Ever.

Right now, there’s a good chance your binge-watching habit is an all-time high, in which case, you’ve likely heard of Netflix’s new sitcom, Never Have I Ever. Co-created by The Office star Mindy Kaling, the series itself tells the story of a high school sophomore named Devi, who finds herself facing difficult situations after suffering a personal tragedy.

While social media has been pretty enthusiastic about the show since its premiere on April 27, there hasn’t been any word as of yet on whether fans could expect a season two. The good thing is that we have some info on what viewers might expect should Netflix decide to pick the series up.

There is no official confirmation for a second season.

Although we’d venture to guess the show will see a second season, nothing has been confirmed by Netflix just yet. Historically, the earliest the network might make an announcement after looking at viewer data would likely be at the end of May or early June.

The new season might explore various cliffhangers.

Chances are if you’ve made it to the end of season one, you have lingering questions like: Will Devi actually move to India with her mom? Will Devi find her Prince Charming? And will there be more Paxton shirtless moments?


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While we can’t answer any of those questions just yet, we can speculate about a possible next season: Given that a major focus of the show is Devi grieving her father, this could be a major plotline for the next season, too. Kaling recently spoke with TV Line, where she discussed how both she and her co-creator lost parents. “It would be so great to—in a show that’s a comedy show—be able to deal with a character who is unable to handle her grief,” she told the publication. “Especially in a lot of Asian communities and minority communities, dealing with grief, or mental health, there’s still such a stigma attached to it.”

The stars already have ideas for the second season.

Just because there hasn’t been confirmation of a new season doesn’t mean that the show’s stars don’t have ideas of where their characters can go next. “[There are] three main things,” star Maitreyi Ramakrishnan told The Verge about Devi’s prospective future. “Her friends really are her day ones. And also understanding where her mom’s coming from. That is something we’ll be able to have a lot of audiences relate to.”

The cast and crew are repping the show on social media—hard.

Kaling has essentially become a publicist for her own show, posting various behind-the-scenes photos all over her social media pages. The cast has joined along for the ride as well, posting their own photos from their time on set and snippets of various interviews from their (virtual) press tour.

I’m truly in shock. I can’t believe that our show about a complicated little Indian family has been seen by this many people. @loulielang, the entire cast and crew are so grateful to you for making us #1 around the world on @netflix. We love you guys! Thank you!! @neverhaveiever pic.twitter.com/s8F16z94VD

Watch the official trailer here:

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How book clubs have become the ultimate status symbol

How book clubs have become the ultimate status symbol: Membership offers ‘overt proof of popularity and cleverness’, according to Tatler – and meetings are held at west London townhouses and 11th century manors

  • Belonging to a book club has become a status symbol, according to Tatler
  • Celia Dunstone, wife Carphone Warehouse founder Sir Charles, runs one
  • As does Lady Edward Manners of Haddon Hall, who has a ‘one in, one out’ policy
  • There is a level of snobbery over what is read, from Shakespeare to Balzac

It was once the case that aristocrats and women-about-town measured their social caché by the quality of private members’ club to which they belonged. 

But today’s society beauties are far more likely to be overheard boasting about their well-connected book club, according to Tatler. 

The British society bible noted that membership to one of these exclusive clubs has become the ‘ultimate status symbol’ as it serves as ‘overt proof of popularity, not to mention cleverness’. 


Today’s society beauties are far more likely to be overheard boasting about their well-connected book club than a private members’ club, according to Tatler. Elisabeth Murdoch, left, and De Beers diamond heiress Emily Oppenheimer, right, belong to the same club

As with any selective organisation, would-be members are only permitted to join if they have the right connections. The modern book club, explains Tatler, is ‘cloaked in a graceful mist of snobbery, not only concerning who’s in it, but what’s read’.

‘The truly smart will tackle Balzac… in French.’ 

At the centre of one ultra-exclusive ‘super-maven’ reading circle is Celia Dunstone, wife of Carphone Warehouse founder Sir Charles Dunstone, who had an estimated personal fortune of £927million in 2017. 

Celia and her gang of influential women, including fashion designer Clare Hornby, founder of trendy label ME + EM, take turns to host each other at their homes in leafy London neighbourhoods like Notting Hill, Chelsea and Kensington. 


In Derbyshire, the queen of book clubs is Lady Edward Manners, left, who once described her group as the ‘scariest in England’. Right, with husband Lord Edward, who inherited Haddon Hall on the death of his father Charles Manners, 10th Duke of Rutland, in 1999

When it is her turn to host, Lady Edward invites her guests to Haddon Hall, pictured, the 11th century country pile she shares with her husband Lord Edward and their twin sons

Also in the group are Chipping Norton set stalwarts Elisabeth Murdoch, the 51-year-old daughter of Rupert, and De Beers diamond heiress Emily Oppenheimer.

Elsewhere in London there is the group attended by the likes of actress Joanna David and celebrity agents Celestia Fox and Lindy King. 

This group, which also counts Sir Winston Churchill’s editor granddaughter Emma Soames as a member, adds a personal touch to their meetings with homecooked meals. The host of each meeting serves dinner to their guests and chooses the book to be discussed.  

In Derbyshire, the queen of book clubs is Lady Edward Manners, who once described her group as the ‘scariest in England’. 

Elsewhere in London there is the group attended by the likes of Sir Winston Churchill’s editor granddaughter Emma Soames, pictured, and celebrity agents Celestia Fox and Lindy King

When it is her turn to host, Lady Edward invites her guests to Haddon Hall, the 11th century country pile she shares with her husband Lord Edward and their twin sons. 

The home has featured featured in several film adaptations of Jane Eyre, as well as Elizabeth, Pride and Prejudice, The Other Boleyn Girl and the Princess Diaries.

Lord Edward inherited the property on the death of his father Charles Manners, 10th Duke of Rutland, in 1999. His older brother David Manners, 11th Duke of Rutland, is father of ‘the Manners sisters’, Lady Violet, Lady Eliza and Lady Alice, and lives at the family seat of Belvoir Castle.  

Speaking on gaining membership to her book club, Lady Edward told Tatler: ‘It’s one in, one out’. Members are also expected to dress up for the occasion. ‘It’s a heels and lipstick affair,’ she added.   

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Celebrities who have split during lockdown – from Jesy and Chris and Wes and Arabella – The Sun

PLENTY of couples have been feeling the strain during the lockdown measures in force across Britain at the moment – and celebrities are no exception.

Several star couplings have bitten the dust in recent weeks, with Love Islanders among the hardest hit. Here we run down some of the biggest celeb pairings who crumbled during the crisis…

Wes Nelson & Arabella Chi

They might be one of the best-looking couples Love Island has ever produced – but they couldn't last lockdown.

The Sun Online revealed that Wes and Arabella split after nine months together earlier this month with him moving out of their home rather than isolating together.

He went to stay with old villa pal Josh Denzel and his girlfriend with the trio spotted cheerfully doing their daily exercises together in London.

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Credit: Splash News

Chris Hughes & Jesy Nelson

Love Island's Chris and Little Mix star Jesy broke up while isolating in separate homes.

Earlier this month, The Sun Online revaled the news that the couple had called it quits after dating for more than a year.

And because of the coronavirus crisis the pair, who had been discussing marriage not long before the split, had to break up over the phone.

Georgia Steel & Callum Izzard

Kady McDermott & Myles Barnett

Shane Lynch & Sheena White

Boyzone star Shane admitted that he isn't currently living with his wife during the corona crisis – but hopes they will get back together once lockdown lifts.

Speaking on Paul Danan's podcast, he explained: "We have had difficult times and are going through difficult times right now in this isolation thing.

"I’m not even in my family home right now because me and her were at each other's throats. It wasn’t a good time or a good space."

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Why have so many men opened up to me about their sex lives?

In late December, I told the world that I find sex difficult via a TV documentary called The Diary of my Broken Vagina. 

A few days later, messages from strangers started arriving in my inbox. Many were from women with similar stories to my own. 

One third of young and middle aged women – and roughly half of older women – suffer from pain during sex, low arousal level and difficulty achieving orgasm, so I was not too surprised to receive these messages. 

What was new for me was the overwhelming number of messages from men. 

Up until this point, when men had commented on my already-established stage show about my ‘broken’ vagina, I’d often receive comments like ‘you must have a fanny like a clown’s pocket’, or they’d offer me their own sexual services as a remedy. One man told me I should use lard as a lubricant. 

However, this time men were truly opening up and recognising how commonplace sexual problems are. 

‘I don’t know what I’m doing in bed… I don’t think that my partner is having a good time’. 

‘I really struggle to finish’. 

‘I don’t want sex as much as my girlfriend does’.

All these men were happy for me to share their stories anonymously, and I am grateful that they felt they could open up. 

I felt a deep compassion and understanding that they didn’t feel they had anyone to talk to. It was a position that felt very familiar. 

But I shouldn’t have been the first person they felt able to talk to about their issues. I am not medically trained or a psychosexual therapist – I trained as an actor and comedian. 

I pointed these men in the direction of fantastic organisations like Relate, Brook and The Havelook Clinic, which specialise in helping people with their relationships and sexual wellbeing. 

Yet men find it hard to talk to doctors, with one study finding 40 per cent of men wait until a problem or symptom becomes unbearable before getting help. Another found that men who hold traditional views about masculinity are least likely to seek medical care. 

It means that stigmatised conditions like erectile dysfunction are often left untreated due to embarrassment, which is not only a shame but potentially dangerous since the condition can be an early indicator of heart disease. 

Many of the men I spoke to could have spoken to their partners first, but I understand that can often feel like admitting failure. I haven’t been entirely honest with many partners about sex. Often when I began to share my problems, they would take it as a criticism of their sexual prowess or see me as a puzzle that they needed to fix.

The reality is I often find it easier to talk to a room of strangers about my sex life than the person I’m being intimate with and that definitely should not be the case 

Just like men feel uncomfortable talking to doctors, many also find it hard to speak to their friends and partners. The study also revealed that nearly 50 per cent said they felt unable to confide in mates about any of their problems. One man complained that there were a range of teenage magazines where girls could learn about their bodies, but he had found nothing like this for himself or his son.

‘We just don’t talk about sex,’ one of the men who contacted me wrote. ‘Unless it’s about how great you are at it. It makes you feel pathetic’.

But it isn’t ‘pathetic’, especially when talking about things could improve your sex life and health. 

I’m not suggesting people strike up a conversation with their parent, CEO, or taxi driver (it might not be good for your rating). I’m not even encouraging all men to take a show about their penis on tour and call it ‘Phallus: The Musical’. 

A good place to start would be safe spaces for men to find advice and information. Other than that it is just practice and knowing that there is good help available.

The reality is I often find it easier to talk to a room of strangers about my sex life than the person I’m being intimate with and that definitely should not be the case. 

For me it means admitting I sometimes feel intimately broken at my very core. It has, however, made me realise I’m not on my own with this and there is strength in talking about something that I was very quiet about for many years.

Do you have a story you’d like to share? Get in touch by emailing claie.wilson@metro.co.uk 

Share your views in the comments below

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Two Pet Cats In New York Have Tested Positive For The Coronavirus

A veterinarian wearing a face mask examines a cat in Moscow during the coronavirus pandemic.

The journalists at BuzzFeed News are proud to bring you trustworthy and relevant reporting about the coronavirus. To help keep this news free, become a member and sign up for our newsletter, Outbreak Today.

Two cats in New York City have tested positive for the novel coronavirus — the first cases of the disease confirmed in pets in the US, officials announced Wednesday.

The CDC and the Department of Agriculture’s National Veterinary Services Laboratories said in a joint statement that both cats had a mild respiratory illness and were expected to make a full recovery.

Officials said the cats live in separate households in different parts of the state and that in one case the pet’s owner had tested positive for COVID-19 before their cat started showing symptoms. A second cat who lives in that household has not shown symptoms.

While the other cat’s owners were not confirmed to be ill with COVID-19, the agencies noted that the virus may have been transmitted to the animal by a mildly ill or asymptomatic person or an infected person outside of their household.

“SARS-CoV-2 infections have been reported in very few animals worldwide, mostly in those that had close contact with a person with COVID-19,” the statement said.

Both cats were tested by a vet after showing COVID-19 symptoms, and the results were confirmed by the National Veterinary Services Laboratories. The animal tests do not reduce the number of tests available to humans, the statement noted.

A recent study published in Science magazine found that the virus tends to replicate poorly in dogs, pigs, chickens, and ducks, but cats and ferrets are “highly susceptible” to SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19.

The study said younger cats tend to be more vulnerable to the disease and that the virus can be transmitted between cats via respiratory droplets.

Kittens explore an empty aquarium during stay-at-home orders.

Earlier this month, a 4-year-old tiger at the Bronx Zoo tested positive for the coronavirus. Six other tigers at the facility also developed a dry cough.

Officials said that as of now, routine testing of pets is still not recommended.

While there is no evidence that pets play a role in spreading COVID-19, the CDC said pet owners should not allow their animals to interact with others outside their households and keep cats indoors to prevent them from interacting with other animals or humans.

Pet owners who are sick with COVID-19 should limit contact with their animals and whenever possible have another household member care for their pets. If that’s not an option, owners should wear a face covering when around their pets and wash their hands before and after interacting with them.

More on this

  • A Tiger At The Bronx Zoo Has Tested Positive For The CoronavirusKrystie Lee Yandoli · April 5, 2020
  • Big Poppa’s Owner Explained How She Snapped That Heartbreaking Photo Of Him In QuarantineDavid Mack · 2 hours ago
  • Stephanie Baer is a reporter with BuzzFeed News and is based in Los Angeles.

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Have We Made Any Progress in Gun Safety Since Columbine?

This was going to be a depressing article. It was going to look back at the mass shooting at Columbine High School in 1999 and then at all the others that have happened since, wondering why we still haven’t solved the problem of gun violence in this country. But if you’re here, you’ve probably clicked on and read articles like that before. They probably made you incredibly angry, sad, scared, and maybe even hopeless. So this is not going to be that article. That’s not the story Shannon Watts, founder of Moms Demand Action for Gun Sense in America, is here to tell us.

“The reality is the NRA is weaker than they’ve ever been,” Watts told SheKnows last week.

And yes, she said this despite the fact that gun sales have gone up in response to the coronavirus crisis. She said this even though social distancing measures have suddenly and drastically changed her organization’s plans for grassroots organizing and voter-registration drives before November’s elections.

But the need for gun sense legislation is every bit as urgent as it was before the pandemic. Sure, our kids aren’t at risk for a school shooting at the moment, but that was never the biggest threat guns posed to children’s lives. The bigger threat comes from the streets for some — cities like Chicago are seeing a surge in gun violence, for example. And it lurks at home for others, either from domestic abusers, or from accidental access, particularly if their parents have just bought their first guns.

“Tens of millions of children are unexpectedly at home from school, and these new gun owners may not have training requirements or be familiar with secure storage practices,” Watts explained. “Then we have we have teens, young adults, and other Americans who are struggling with isolation, who are suffering economically and also now have easy access to guns and gun suicide is likely to increase as well.”

This is all the more reason for Moms Demand Action, along with Students Demand Action and umbrella organization Everytown for Gun Safety, to move forward with their goals, “digitally ringing doorbells” instead of going door to door. Even as it may be hard to think about other issues, we’re taking this moment to look at what has changed in gun laws and the gun sense movement on the anniversary of that awful day in Colorado.

Gun-control activists: Then and now

The events of April 20, 1999, galvanized many parents to take action. Tom Mauser, the father of 15-year-old Columbine victim Daniel Mauser, became an advocate for closing the gun-show loophole — which doesn’t require background checks for gun purchases at gun shows in some states. A year after the shooting, 750,000 activists spent their Mother’s Day in Washington, D.C., for the Million Mom March.

“They were able to organize without the benefit of all of the technology that we have today,” Watts said.

Sadly, some point to the Million Mom March as a failed movement, since the NRA seemed only to grow stronger and continued to block gun-control legislation on the federal and national level. A particular blow to the movement: In 2004, the federal assault weapons ban expired.

Following the tragedy of the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting in 2012, Watts and others thought it was time to try again. This time they had the benefit of social media, beginning with Facebook, where she started Moms Demand Action.

“We stand on the shoulders of all the women who did that work after Columbine,” Watts said. “But now, thanks to technology … we’ve been able to organize this huge grassroots army across the country. We’re now mothers and others, not just moms and women and also Students Demand Action. And that’s really what I think this movement needed was a grassroots army of activists who could go toe-to-toe with the gun lobby. We’ve been doing that now for almost eight years and winning.”

With a reported 6 million supporters and 350,000 donors, Mom Demand has now managed to move legislation forward and elect gun-sense politicians to office.

So, are our kids any safer now than kids were in 1999?

If you look just at the stark numbers, the answer is no. From 1999-2017, one study found that 38,942 children ages 5-18 died in gun-related incidents in this country, with “epidemic” increases starting in 2009 and 2014. Another study in 2016 stated that guns were the second-highest cause of death of children ages 1-19 (after motor vehicle crashes). It said that children were 36.5 times more likely to die from a firearm in the U.S. than in a dozen other high-income countries, and five to six times higher than in a sample of middle- and low-income countries.

But if you look at gun safety on a state level, Watts said that some kids are safer today.

“We all want that cathartic moment of Congress passing a background check on every gun sale, for example, but in the absence of their leadership, we have pivoted and done this work in state houses and in the boardroom,” she told us.

Here are some of the victories the movement can point to: 21 states have passed laws requiring background checks for every gun sale, and 19 states and the District of Columbia now have red-flag laws allowing law enforcement to remove firearms from people who are a potential danger to themselves or others. Many believe this kind of extreme risk law would have prevented the Parkland shooting.

A less well-known campaign Moms Demand leads is educating people about secure gun storage. The organization has coordinated with schools in major cities like Los Angeles and Denver to send information home with students to inform parents about preventing gun-related accidents at home.

“Another piece to think about is the fact that we play defense,” Watts said. “We have a 90 percent track record for the last five years of stopping bad NRA bills like arming teachers, forcing guns onto college campuses, and stand-your-ground laws.”

Watts said all of this is possible because organizations like hers were able to influence elections, such as the 2018 midterms and the 2019 Virginia state elections.

“It is a marathon, not a sprint, but certainly we have surpassed the gun lobby in our wins and our strengths as a movement,” she said.

Not slowing down in 2020

The students of the Parkland, Fla., massacre helped make gun control a central issue in 2018, with the March for Our Lives and their subsequent activism. Watts doesn’t think that momentum has gone away. The people who joined the movement then haven’t stopped thinking about it, and it’s still a top issue on the minds of Democratic voters this year.

Moms Demand Action and Everytown have pledged to spend $60 million dollars on this year’s elections. They’re looking to get a Democrat in the White House and to flip the Senate, of course, but they’re also donating to state-level elections in places like Texas. Students Demand Action, meanwhile, is working on a major digital campaign to register young people to vote. People can get involved, even during lockdown, by doing things like phone banking.

Progress on the very local level

As we hope for better gun laws to get passed, parents still face that fear of gun violence every day we send our kids to school (even though the chances of them getting shot at school is actually 1 in 614,000,000, according to the Washington Post). At the same time, we’re also now coming to realize that the active-shooter drills schools have implemented since Columbine might be doing more harm than good, psychologically speaking. Some of these exercises have involved using actors, playing the sounds of gun shots, and sometimes not telling the kids it was a drill.

Everytown’s comprehensive plan for the prevention of gun violence of schools, it recommends that schools stop using such potentially traumatic methods in their drills. The National Association of School Psychologists drafted its own list of best practices for these drills, and if your child’s school isn’t using them, you might want to pass this along.

We also think you shouldn’t give up on making a difference on the very, very local level, as in, the family members and friends you might know who say they don’t support common-sense gun legislation. Moms Demand Action put together these tips for how to debunk gun myths at the dinner table. And Watts said her 2019 book, Fight Like a Mother, addresses this issue as well.

“[W]hat has for too long been the silent majority, 90 percent of Americans, do support stronger gun laws,” she said. “As long as you’re having these conversations with facts and data, and not buying into the rhetoric and the anecdotes of the gun lobby that these people have been listening to for decades, I think it’s easier to have a fruitful, productive conversation.”

You also can use those conversations as practice before signing up to help the movement. Just visit MomsDemandAction.org or text the word “Ready” to 64433.

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People with diabetes have a higher risk of dying if they get COVID-19

Coronavirus warning for diabetics: Study shows patients with high blood glucose levels are more likely to die from COVID-19

  • Experts found a link between high blood glucose levels and severe COVID-19
  • This is due to increases in glucode metabolism causing a spike in immune cells
  • This is a phenomenon called a cytokine storm and often affects the lungs 
  • Learn more about how to help people impacted by COVID

People with diabetes have a higher risk of dying if they catch coronavirus – this is due to an overproduction of immune cells in the lungs, a new study finds.

Experts from Wuhan University found people with high blood glucose levels have a much greater chance of catching more severe strains of the deadly virus.

The team say that COVID-19 increases glucose metabolism through a phenomenon known as a ‘cytokine storm’ that leads to too many immune cells being produced. 

Dr Shi Liu, of Wuhan University in China, said this spike in immune cells often happen in the lungs and increases the risk of a diabetic coronavirus patient dying. 

People with diabetes have a higher risk of dying if they catch coronavirus – this is due to an overproduction of immune cells in the lungs, a new study finds

Cytokines are the activating compounds of immune cells and when a patient is exposed to flu or coronavirus there is a dramatic spike in cytokine numbers. 

Glucose metabolism and inflammatory cytokine signal networks are known to have evolved together but it has not been clear whether they interact during flu infection.

The finding published in Science Advances is based on experiments in mice.

Lab rodents given glucosamine produced much higher levels of inflammatory cytokines than those that did not receive the sugar supplement.

Additionally, the researchers analysed glucose levels in blood samples from patients diagnosed with flu and compared it to samples from healthy people.

These were collected from volunteers during physical examinations at two Wuhan University hospitals between 2017 and 2019.

This identified a chemical pathway which metabolises glucose as playing an essential role in cytokine storms triggered by the flu virus.

‘Glucose serves as a major nutrient that fuels cellular metabolic activities. Glucose metabolism and ]inflammatory cytokine signal network evolved together,’ said Liu.

‘Nevertheless, it remains unclear whether the two systems interact with each other during flu infection.

‘In this study, we identified a previously undescribed mechanism of flu-regulated cytokine storm, in which flu induces cytokine storm by increasing glucose metabolism.’

Cytokines are small proteins released by many different cells in the body, including those of the immune system where they coordinate the body’s response against infection and trigger inflammation.

Sometimes the body’s response to infection can go into overdrive. 

For example, when SARS -CoV-2 – the virus behind the pandemic – enters the lungs, it triggers an immune response.

This attracts immune cells to the region to attack the virus, resulting in localised inflammation.

But in some patients, excessive or uncontrolled levels of cytokines are released which then activate more immune cells, resulting in hyperinflammation.

This can seriously harm or even kill the patient and that is why people with diabetes have a much higher risk of dying from the virus. 

Cytokine has been increasingly recognised as a risk to health through the way it triggers inflammatory responses but it must be coupled to specific metabolic programs to support their energetic demands. 

Glucose metabolism and inflammatory cytokine signal networks are known to have evolved together but it has not been clear whether they interact during flu infection.

‘Although more research is needed to understand the delicate regulatory mechanisms between flu-induced cytokine storm and glucose metabolism, our current findings may provide a potential target for the treatment of flu infection in the future,’ said Liu.

Cytokine storms are a common complication not only of Covid-19 and flu but of other respiratory diseases caused by coronaviruses such as SARS and MERS.

They are also associated with non-infectious diseases such as multiple sclerosis and pancreatitis.

The phenomenon became more widely known after the 2005 outbreak of the avian H5N1 influenza virus, also known as ‘bird flu’, when the high fatality rate was linked to an out-of-control cytokine response.

Cytokine storms might explain why some people have a severe reaction to coronaviruses while others only experience mild symptoms.

They could also be the reason why younger people are less affected, as their immune systems are less developed and so produce lower levels of inflammation-driving cytokines.

In 2006, six healthy young men were left in intensive care with multiple organ failure as a result of an out-of-control cytokine immune response during a preclinical trial of a new kind of drug.

This reaction happened just 90 minutes after receiving a dose of the drug. 

The research has been published in the journal Science Advances. 

WHAT IS DIABETES?

Diabetes is a lifelong condition that causes a person’s blood sugar level to become too high.

There are two main types of diabetes: 

Type 1, where the body’s immune system attacks and destroys the cells that produce insulin. 

Type 2, where the body does not produce enough insulin, or the body’s cells do not react to insulin. 

Type 2 diabetes is far more common than type 1. 

In the UK, around 90% of all adults with diabetes have type 2. 

Reducing the risk of type 2 diabetes can be achieved through healthy eating, regular exercise and achieving a healthy body weight. 

The main symptoms of diabetes include: feeling very thirsty, urinating more frequently (particularly at night), feeling very tired, weight loss, and loss of muscle bulk.

Source: NHS 

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